A method used to notate the structure of any particular experience. The concept of the four tuple maintains that any experience must be composed of some combination of the four primary representational classes – A,V,K,O – where A=Auditory, V=Visual, K=Kinesthetic, and O=Olfactory/Gustatory. x
Organizing or breaking down some experience into bigger or smaller pieces. Chunking up comprises of expanding out to a larger, more abstract level of information (the ‘big picture’). Chunking down comprises of narrowing down to a more specific and concrete level of information. Chunking laterally comprises of finding other examples at the same level of information.
The practice of reading another person’s unconscious and non-verbal responses during an ongoing interaction. This is achieved by recognizing observable behavioral cues that are linked to a specific internal response. Calibration can include such things as noticing body posture, eye movements, breathing patterns, breathing rates, skin color, voice tone and many other subtle changes in behavior.
Subtle behaviors that will help indicate what representational system a person is using to think with. As people think or process information, they have subtle changes and variations in the physical body and behavior. Common types of accessing cues include eye movements, voice tone, voice tempo, body posture, skin color, gestures, facial expressions, and breathing […]
A technique of asking a person to imagine doing something in the future and monitoring their reactions. Future pacing can be used to “embed” change into the contexts of the future. It gives a person the experience of dealing positively with a situation before they get into that situation in reality. This is based on […]
Submodalities are the fine details of representational systems. In the late 1970s the developers of NLP started playing around with the submodalities of representational systems involving the enhancement of visualization techniques (common in sports psychology and meditation), by including other sensory systems. Submodalities involve the relative size, location, brightness of internal images, the volume and […]
NLP calls each individual’s perception of the world their ‘map’. NLP teaches that our mind-body (neuro) and what we say (language) all interact together to form our perceptions of the world, or maps (programming). Each person’s map of the world determines feelings and behavior. Therefore, impoverished and unrealistic maps can restrict choices and result in […]
Modeling in NLP is the process of adopting the behaviors, language, strategies and beliefs of another person or exemplar in order to ‘build a model of what they do…we know that our modeling has been successful when we can systematically get the same behavioral outcome as the person we have modeled’. The ‘model’ is then […]
In NLP the Meta-model is a set of specifying questions or language patterns designed to challenge and expand the limits to a person’s model or ‘map’ of the world. When a person speaks about a problem or situation, their choice of words, (or ‘indicators’), will distort, generalize, and delete portions of their experience. By listening […]
Presuppositions can give a person the illusion of choice whilst all outcomes are acceptable. In some cases they can be used to presuppose or imply something without giving the illusion of choice. They are the linguistic equivalent of assumptions – an implicit assumption whose truth is taken for granted in communication. A presupposition must be […]