Vivification

Vivification is when a persons attention is highly focused and turned inward resulting in the internal thoughts and images becoming so absorbing and convincing that they are subjectively indistinguishable from ordinary reality. These internally derived memories, ideas, imagined events, emotions, definitions and experiences are experienced so vividly that they are responded to as real, while the ordinary ‘real’ […]

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Multiplicity of Meaning

This occurs when one sentence, phrase, or word has more than one possible meaning. “Multiplicity of Meaning is an important tool that can result in a mild confusion and disorientation which is useful in inducing altered states.” Anytime you can makes it possible for the listener to internally process a message in more than one way, you require […]

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Commentary Adjectives and Adverbs

Fortunately, Naturally, Luckily, Innocently, Happily, Necessarily, etc. “Fortunately, there’s no need for me to know the details of what you want in order for me to help you get it.” “Naturally, you will begin to see the value of what I am saying to you right now”! “Luckily, you have met me today, because I can help […]

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Brain Twister Story

“Did I ever tell you about my brother, Chris? It seems he was at this golf outing, and he was at the bar called the 19th hole. And the bartender was telling a story about his buddy who had two brothers. One was really good at dealing with people, but the other had problems until he met this […]

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Effective Trigger Components

Intensity of the state accessed • Access state fully and intensely. • Associate into the state. • Seeing what you are seeing. • Hearing what you are hearing. • Feeling what you are feeling. Purity of the state • One specific set of feelings or emotional state. Timing of the Trigger • Start the trigger […]

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Setting Potent Triggers (Stimulus Response Conditioning)

Have you ever heard a song from when you were back in High School or College, or maybe it was the song that you and a former girlfriend or boyfriend shared? When you hear the song, a flood of emotions, memories and recollections come back immediately as if you were back in the day. Everyone experiences these […]

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Suggestive Phrases

Here is a basic list of suggestive phrases without the other elements added. You can use a template to add the presuppositions, embedded commands and any other elements.  These phrases themselves cause a semi-hypnotic state due to the processing that must take place to respond. I don’t want you to be… I want you to learn… I know you […]

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Sleight of Mouth Patterns

Redefine 1.  What other meaning could the equation have? 2. A # B, A = C, and that’s D   Consequence What will happen to them if they continue to think this way?   Intention 1. Why are they saying this? 2. What is the secondary gain? 3. What are they trying to get?   […]

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Cartesian Questions

Cartesian Questions is a method for defining and loosening boundaries by using questions derived from Cartesian Logic. The purpose of Cartesian questions is not only to notice what answers the client gives you, it is also to begin to loosen up their model of the world as they begin to examine the limits of their […]

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Conscious/Unconscious Distinction

Erickson often made distinctions between the conscious mind and the unconscious mind. Then he might frame a problem as being in the conscious mind and the solution in the unconscious. Then he would assist the patient in eliciting an unconscious resource to help them solve the problem. Example distinctions. hears/understands wonders/chooses may or may not […]

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Conscious/Unconscious Dissociation

Ericksonian induction approaches often make a distinction between the unconscious and conscious minds. “The conscious mind _____________ while the unconscious mind _____________.” Examples: “The conscious mind thinks while the unconscious mind understands.” “The conscious mind wonders as the unconscious mind experiences.”

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Symptom As Task

One of Milton Erickson’s most frequent interventions was to give the symptom as a task and alter the task in some way. For example, he might instruct a nail-biter to bite their nails at a specific time and to bite each nail for a certain length of time. Assigning the problem behavior as a task […]

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Contextual Cues

When inducing hypnosis, it can be effective to give the client cues that something different is happening. When they move to the “relaxation chair,” and the lights are dimmed, they know its time to go into a trance. Below are some examples. Change the environment (lighting/seating) Change your voice tone (switch to hypnotic voice) Match […]

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Implied Directive

Implied Directive is a subtle form of directive where you don’t actually tell someone to do something, but you assume something will be done. You then only give the option of signaling when it is done. The giving of the signal when it is done actually seems to have both motivating and reinforcing properties on the […]

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Metaphor Patterns

Metaphors are used extensively in storytelling, song lyrics and poetry. They can also be used effectively in business communication to illustrate complex points. Speaking in metaphorical terms is a very powerful way of getting your message across, both in hypnosis and in everyday communication. Metaphorical communication causes the listener to relate to the subject of […]

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Indirect Elicitation Patterns

Indirect elicitation literally means getting a specific response without overtly asking for that response.  Direct elicitation is often seen as being very blunt or authoritarian, whereas indirect elicitation is a way of softening up your communication. Indirect elicitation patterns elicit a desired response indirectly; asking for an outcome without making it obvious that a) you […]

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Inverse Meta Model

The Inverse Meta Model language patterns are used to describe experience in vague terms. The Inverse Meta Model language patterns can be broken into three distinct classes: Deleting Information, Semantic Ill-Formedness Limits of the Speaker’s Model Deleting Information Where information is deleted, the listener must fill in the deleted information from their own unique experience. […]

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Non Sequiturs

A non sequitur is a statement presented in the form of ’cause leads to effect’, A > B, but where there is in fact no logical connection between A and B. The structure of the statement fools the listener by starting with a statement of something that is true and then specifying an outcome that […]

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Negative Suggestions

Negative suggestions are similar to conversational postulates in that they ask for one thing but really expect a different behavior. The Milton Model works because the unconscious mind does not deal with negatives well, and tends to ignore the words ‘don’t and not’ and instead focuses on the object of the sentence. The sentence ‘Don’t […]

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Extended Quotation

If you attribute a suggestion to someone else this can avoid a lot of resistance from the client. By using one or more levels of quotation you can say almost anything to the client, and will probably confuse the unconscious mind in the process, making the suggestion more likely to be accepted. Milton Erickson once […]

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Cause and Effect implied

Cause and Effect implied is when a person makes a statement that implies that one thing causes another, or states that one thing is true, therefore the next thing must be true. The statement may be untrue, or there may be no direct link between the one thing and the other. ‘And knowing that you […]

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Analogical Marking

Analogical marking is one way of applying the Milton Model. Analogical Marking delivers hypnotic commands hidden inside normal speech as part of a conversational induction. Milton Erickson discovered that he could mix hypnotic commands into an ordinary conversation and have someone act on them provided the command words were subtly different in some way. This […]

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Unspecific Verbs

Unspecific verbs sound good yet are hard to pin down. They are similar to the unspecific objects in the Milton Model. The unconscious mind accepts the word in context and supplies its own meaning. Words such as ‘wonder, change, understand, think, feel’ etc., are non-specific and can apply to anything. ‘and you may be wondering about […]

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Unspecific Objects

Unspecific Objects are words that sound important but are actually quite vague and open to interpretation. Milton Model words such as ‘learnings, outcomes, resources, findings, consideration’ etc., can be used to ground almost any topic, which makes the suggestion much stronger. By using inclusive words the client finds closure from their own resources. If you […]

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Unspecific Comparison

Unspecific Comparison is a typical Milton Model statement will use words to imply something, and relies on the mind being to busy listening to the next words to really question the truth or logic of the what was just heard. In a classic Milton Model statement, a comparison is made, but does not specify what […]

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Inanimations

Inanimations are Milton Model statements that assign feelings or actions to things that cannot have any. Technically these are called Selectional Restriction Violations. A sofa cannot think, a plant cannot talk, but sentences can be constructed that sound that way and because our minds are specially tuned to metaphor, this type of suggestion will be […]

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Visualization

Visualization is a very common technique used in hypnotherapy and NLP. It involves creating mental images or pictures in a persons mind. Visualization is an experience that, on most occasions, significantly resembles the actual experience of perceiving some object, event, or scene in the physical world, yet is not actually present to the senses. Visualization […]

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Permissive Words

Milton Erickson used a variety of approaches in inductions. He could be direct and authoritarian or indirect and permissive. He was famous though, for his permissive, indirect approach that involved permissive language. Permissive Words Can Might Maybe Perhaps Possible Allow So, instead of “Relax deeply,” you might say “Perhaps you can relax deeply.”

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Truism (Truism sets)

A truism is a claim that is so obvious or self-evident as to be hardly worth mentioning, except as a reminder or as a rhetorical or literary device, and is the opposite of falsism. In philosophy, a sentence which asserts incomplete truth conditions for a proposition may be regarded as a truism. An example of […]

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Just-world hypothesis

The just-world hypothesis or just-world fallacy is the cognitive bias (or assumption) that a person’s actions always bring morally fair and fitting consequences to that person, so that all noble actions are eventually rewarded and all evil actions are eventually punished. In other words, the just-world hypothesis is the tendency to attribute consequences to—or expect consequences as the result of—a universal force that restores […]

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Confusion Inducing Questions

What’s something really important that you’re just not thinking about right now? If there’s no future in the past should you forget this tomorrow? When can you continue to change if you’re about to decide that isn’t now a good time? What wouldn’t happen if you didn’t? How do you find that? Where does that […]

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Four-stage protocol

The four-stage protocol is essential in covert hypnosis and it will be the foundation to every technique that you apply. This procedure helps you to induce any hypnotic trance, and without doing it properly, it’s almost impossible to make anything else in the latter stages of covert hypnosis work. You must begin learning these four […]

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Emotional triggers

Emotional triggers can be seen as post-hypnotic suggestions that can be created by a hypnotist. The environment may have already triggered the subject’s emotions, but other trigger elements can be things such as hearing a song or smelling a perfume that holds a deep connection to the subject. Implant A Hypnotic Trigger First of all, to […]

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Refocus Attention

When you’ve learned how to plant seeds in the back of someone’s mind where it grows by itself, you can make it even more powerful by tackling the ‘guardian’ of their mind so that the seeds sink in unconsciously and grow completely without of the subject’s awareness. This principle (access state principles) is actually quite simple. It requires […]

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Redirect Resistance

So in the law of the reverse effect, you’ve hijacked someone’s ability to resist your suggestions. However, this does create a few difficulties for the subject, one being self-esteem. You’re unconsciously telling the subject: “I’m the powerful hypnotist, you’re the weak subject.” It creates a poor psychological frame and people need to feel that they have control […]

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The Law Of Reverse Effect

This very clever stealth tactic challenges the subject to attempt something that they’re already likely to fail at. And the harder they try, the likelier the subject will fail. The conscious and unconscious mind are two separate entities. One of the reasons why the law of reverse effect works is because people try to do […]

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Anticipation Builders

Anticipation Builders You may have noticed that you tend to want something more if someone tells you that you can’t do it or have it. It’s a bit like when you was a child, and it was a few weeks before your birthday. You would have all these presents wrapped up but you wasn’t allowed […]

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Action Accelerators

Action accelerators are words that are designed to put pressure on someone to take a certain action quickly and efficiently. These include words such as: Now Quickly Suddenly Immediately If you were to say to someone: “Tell me a name. Quickly.” They will use their instincts more instead of thinking about it, therefore they’re likely […]

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Personal Trance Words

Personal trance words are words that are unique to an individual and therefore they have much more significance to that particular person. For example, let’s just say that your partner described your honeymoon as being beautiful. The weather was beautiful. The food was beautiful. The entire experience was beautiful. Now every time that the word […]

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Hypnotic Words

Hypnotic words are similar to hot words in terms of conjuring up emotions in people, but differ in the type of emotions. They can be used at any stage of the hypnotic process and they’re designed to cause trance or begin a trance process in someone. They include words such as: Fascination Hypnotized Mesmerized

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Hot Words

Hot words are very effective for bringing out emotions in people. Comparing both these statements, which one has more of an emotional impact: “The elder succumbed to the cold.” “The old man froze to death.” Both statements have three hot words each, and are both pretty grim statements but the second one will get more […]

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Black Ops Hypnosis

Black Ops Hypnosis (also known as Underground Hypnosis and Covert Hypnosis) could best be described as the art of social manipulation. As opposed to traditional hypnosis techniques, which involve a controlled environment, Black Ops Hypnosis techniques are often performed covertly in an uncontrolled social situation. Black Ops Hypnosis techniques are based on a set of […]

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Double binds

Double binds are statements that offer two or more choices that are in fact the same choice Example: “You can change as quickly or as slowly as you want to now.”

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Autosuggestion

Autosuggestion is a psychological technique that was developed by apothecary Émile Coué at the beginning of the 20th century. Émile Coué discovered what later came to be known as the placebo effect. He became known for reassuring his clients by praising each remedy’s efficiency and leaving a small positive notice with each given medication. Coué noticed […]

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Stage Hypnosis

Stage hypnosis is a form of entertainment, traditionally employed in a club or theater before an audience. Due to stage hypnotists’ showmanship, many people believe that hypnosis is a form of mind control. Stage hypnotists typically attempt to hypnotize the entire audience and then select individuals who are “under” to come up on stage and […]

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Self-Hypnosis

Self-hypnosis happens when a person hypnotizes oneself, commonly involving the use of autosuggestion. The technique is often used to increase motivation for a diet, quit smoking, insomnia or to reduce stress. People who practice self-hypnosis sometimes require assistance; some people use devices known as mind machines to assist in the process, whereas others use hypnotic recordings. Self-hypnosis […]

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Hypnotherapy

Hypnotherapy is a use of hypnosis in psychotherapy. It is used by licensed physicians, psychologists, and others. Physicians and psychiatrists may use hypnosis to treat depression, anxiety, eating disorders, sleep disorders, compulsive gaming, and post-traumatic stress, while certified hypnotherapists who are not physicians or psychologists often treat smoking and weight management. Modern hypnotherapy has been used in a variety […]

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Hypnosis: Overview

Hypnosis is a psychological state with physiological attributes superficially resembling sleep and marked by an individual’s level of awareness other than the ordinary conscious state. Another description of the phenomenon is that of an altered mental state, while another links it to imaginative role-enactment. A person under hypnosis is said to have heightened focus and concentration […]

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Presuppositions: Lost Performative

Lost Performative is when someone says something that contains a rule or judgement without anyone taking responsibility for it.  It can include an implication of an idea instead of a direct statement such as “Breathing is good.”   A suggestion is presented to the subconscious stating that some opinion is true, but does not say how […]

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Presuppositions: Tag Questions

These are Milton Model questions that encourage a client to confirm the truth of the words immediately preceding, aren’t they? If you read that question again, its almost impossible not to say ‘Yes’, isn’t it? It’s always good to get the client into a positive frame of mind, I’m sure you would agree? If the […]

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